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Largetooth Sawfish

Largetooth Sawfish
Scientific Name
Pristis pristis
Body Length

Up to 6.5 m

Body Weight

Up to 600 kg

Distribution
Coastal, estuarine and fresh waters in the tropical and subtropical Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific
Fun Facts

Fun Facts

  • The sawfish species in today’s world appeared in the ocean around 56 million years ago.

  • Largetooth sawfish have 14 to 23 rostral teeth on each side of their long, flat rostrum. Males usually have 2 more on each side. These teeth are in fact denticles. Like 2 rows of spears, they are used for stunning or killing prey.

Threats & Conservation

IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered
IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered
CITES: Appendix I
CITES: Appendix I

Largetooth sawfish is approaching extinction due to fishing and habitat loss. People consume their fins as “shark” fins, livers for oil, skins for making leather, eggs and bile as traditional medicine, and rostra as curios. With their long, toothed snouts, they are very susceptible to entanglement in fishing nets, including those discarded in the sea. Though no longer targeted, sawfish are still threatened by bycatch, illegal fishing and recreational fishing. Apart from this, their estuarine and freshwater habitats are modified or destroyed by human activities such as agriculture, dredging, mining and alterations in water flow. The sawfish population has become depleted or even extirpated in many regions throughout its range.

Do not consume any sawfish products!

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